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Balikatan goes into high gear despite China concerns

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Thousands of Filipino and American troops kicked off joint military exercises in the Philippines on Monday, as Beijing’s growing assertiveness in the region raises fears of a conflict.

The annual drills – dubbed Balikatan or “shoulder to shoulder” in Tagalog – will be concentrated in the northern and western parts of the archipelago nation, near the potential flashpoints of the South China Sea and Taiwan.

The joint drills involve a simulation of an armed recapture of an island in Palawan province, the nearest major Philippine landmass to the hotly disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.

The same exercise will be held in the northern provinces of Cagayan and Batanes, both less than 300 kilometers (180 miles) from Taiwan.

The Philippine Coast Guard will join Balikatan for the first time following several confrontations between its vessels and the China Coast Guard, which patrols reefs off the Philippines’ coast.

In another first, the drills will go beyond the Philippines’ territorial waters, which extend about 22 kilometres from its coastline

Like last year, there will be a sinking of a vessel off the northern province of Ilocos Norte.

China claims almost the entire waterway, a key route for international trade, and also considers self-ruled Taiwan to be part of its territory.

“We’re going to show the people of the Philippines and the world that we’ve gotten better and we’re never going to stop doing so,” Lt. Gen. William Jurney, commander of US Marine Corps Forces, Pacific, said at the opening ceremony in Manila.

“When we get better the Philippines gets stronger, safer and more secure.”

The Philippines’ proximity to the South China Sea and Taiwan would make it a key partner for the United States in the event of a conflict with China.

“The purpose of armed forces, why we exist, is really to prepare for war,” Philippine Colonel Michael Logico told reporters ahead of the drills.

“There’s no sugarcoating it… for us not to prepare, that’s a disservice to the country.”

Other training will concern information warfare, maritime security, and integrated air and missile defense.

The United States has deployed its Standard Missile-6 (SM-6) guided missiles to the Philippines for Balikatan, but Logico said the weapons would not be used in the drills.

China’s foreign ministry has accused the United States of “stoking military confrontation,” and warned the Philippines to “stop sliding down the wrong path.”

The exercises, which will run until May 10, will involve around 11,000 American and 5,000 Filipino troops, as well as Australian and French military personnel.

France, which is participating in Balikatan for the first time, will deploy a warship that will take part in a joint exercise with Philippine and US vessels.

Fourteen countries in Asia and Europe will join as observers.

Armed Forces chief Gen. Romeo Brawner said Balikatan was an “extraordinary opportunity for us to deepen our collaborations with friends, partners and allies.”

“Cooperation and military to military collaboration play vital roles in ensuring a safer global community for generations to come,” Brawner said. With AFP

Editor’s Note: This is an updated article. Originally posted with the headline Philippines, US launch annual joint military drills


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