The results of the 2019 midterm elections could be taken as a referendum on his presidency, President Rodrigo Duterte said Monday.
“If you agree with me, then you can vote for my candidates, for the people I am supporting,” the President told reporters after casting his vote in Davao City.
“Now, if I am repudiated by the loss of all candidates coming from the Hugpong slate, then that would indicate that majority of the people do not like me. That’s easy. Easy to solve,” he added.
The Palace has previously said the President’s net satisfaction rating has influenced senatorial survey results showing that his candidates would land inside the “Magic 12” of winning candidates.
The President endorses the senatorial bids of former government officials Ronald dela Rosa, Christopher Go, and Francis Tolentino, Maguindanao 2nd District Rep. Zajid Mangudadatu, and reelectionist Senator Aquilino Pimentel III.
Other candidates he has campaigned for are folk singer Freddie Aguilar; Senators Juan Edgardo Angara, JV Ejercito, and Cynthia Villar; Taguig City Rep. Pia Cayetano; and Ilocos Norte Gov. Imee Marcos.
Filipinos flocked to the polls Monday in a vote that is expected to strengthen President Duterte’s grip on power, opening the way for him to deliver on pledges to restore the death penalty and rewrite the Constitution.
More than 18,000 positions are at stake, including half of the seats in the Senate, which has served as a bulwark against some of Duterte’s most controversial policies.
Duterte is known internationally for his foul-mouthed tirades and deadly drug war, but remains hugely popular among Filipinos fed up with the country’s general dysfunction and leaders who have failed to fix it.
He wants to bring back capital punishment for drug-related crimes as part of his narcotics crackdown in which thousands of alleged pushers and users have already been killed by police.
His tough-on-crime platform—which also includes lowering the age of criminal responsibility from 15 to 12—was key to his landslide election victory in 2016.
Voters crowded voting centers in the capital Manila even ahead of polls opening at 6 a.m. in an election where some 61 million are registered to cast ballots.
“I voted for many of the candidates endorsed by President Duterte because his government is doing its job,” said Myrna Cruz, 51.
“I support their programs, including the anti-drug campaign... but I wish the bloodshed would stop,” she adding, echoing many Filipinos’ nuanced backing of the crackdown.
The opening of the polls were accompanied by isolated outbursts of violence, which is not unusual in the Philippines’ frequently bloody competition for elected posts.
At least 20 people have been killed and 24 wounded in election-related violence in the runup to the vote, according to an official count.
Early on Monday, nine people were shot and wounded during a confrontation at a polling station on the island of Jolo, which is home to insurgents and powerful local clans, according to the military.
The violence is more frequent with the lower level races and will not likely be a major feature in the election’s main contest for the Senate.
Winning a Senate majority, something that independent national surveys indicate is well within reach, would give Duterte legislative backing for his anti-crime proposals and his plan to rewrite the Constitution.
Historically, the nation’s 24 senators—who serve six-year terms—have had a reputation for being more independent-minded than the lower house.
The opposition warns that could lead to the single-term limit for the presidency being lifted, allowing him to seek reelection despite his repeated statements that he would stand down at the end of his mandate.
It would also allow him to expand his contentious anti-drug crackdown by bringing back the death penalty, a pledge that the UN Human Rights Council said gave it “deep alarm.”
The Philippines outlawed capital punishment in 1987, reinstated it six years later and then abolished it again in 2006.
Duterte, 74, hit the campaign trail to get his supporters in the Senate, giving two-hour speeches at late-night rallies and routinely insulting their opponents—referring to one by an anti-gay slur and accusing another of working for communist guerrillas.
The results for municipal and city mayors and councils are expected within hours of polls closing at 6 p.m. Monday, with winners for the Senate and congressional seats likely to be declared from Friday.
Even if the presidential term limit is not lifted, the Duterte family looks well-placed to continue its reign.
The President’s daughter Sara—being eyed by some as the President’s potential successor in the 2022 vote—is running to keep her post as mayor in its southern bailiwick of Davao City.
Her younger brother Sebastian is seeking, unopposed, the city’s vice-mayoral seat, while Duterte’s eldest son Paolo is standing for a seat in the lower House of Representatives.
Mayor Duterte said she campaigned hard for the Hugpong slate to ensure that her father’s legislative agenda in his last three years in office would gain support in the Senate.
She said she saw how difficult it was for her father to push for reforms in the Senate. With AFP
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