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Rain, diseases, go away

The monsoon season does not only bring with it increased rainfall, but viral infections as well. Coined as monsoon infections, these diseases spread at a much higher rate during heavy monsoon rains. 

Rain, diseases, go away
Several diseases are more common during the rainy season.
Dr. May Montellano, former president of the Pediatrics and Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines, warns the public of the three most common monsoon infections.

Waterborne diseases

Waterborne diseases are usually transmitted by drinking polluted water and consuming contaminated food. The season’s cold temperature causes bacteria to live and breed massively in fresh waters.

In an advisory released by the World Health Organization, common diseases that fall underwater-related illnesses are cholera, diarrhea, hepatitis A, amoebiasis, and typhoid fever. If neglected, these diseases can cause severe infections in one’s digestive system. 

How to prevent it:

It is important to know where the water a household consumes comes from. To avoid getting these diseases, it is best to boil water before using or drinking. Ensure to cook raw ingredients well and store food in places safe from insects.

Mosquito-borne diseases

The Department of Health in June released a warning against mosquito-borne diseases, such as dengue, that are more prevalent during the rainy season. Rains are ideal for mosquitoes because of puddles and other standing water that serve as their breeding grounds.  

With increased rainfall this season, mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, malaria, and chikungunya are most likely to emerge. Though caused by tiny carriers, the symptoms of these diseases range from mild to serious, including high fever, severe joint pains, malaise, vomiting, and blood and organ infections.

How to prevent it:

Ensure there is no stagnant water that can be a breeding ground of these insects, like old shoes or toys, flower pots, and car tires. Use mosquito-repellent lotion and bug-deterring sprays to prevent mosquitoes from entering homes.

Influenza

Influenza outbreaks tend to peak with the heavy monsoon rains. Severe manifestation of flu, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, can lead to hospitalization. It can also cause respiratory infections like pneumonia and may eventually lead to death.

How to prevent it:

Rain, diseases, go away
Flu season tends to peak during heavy monsoon rains.
Flu can be avoided by strengthening one’s immune system. Luckily, the disease can also be prevented by a vaccine. With monsoon doubling the risk of virus transmission, experts say it is best to avert flu through vaccination.

Topics: monsoon season , viral infections , Dr. May Montellano , Pediatrics and Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines , Department of Health
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